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The Peabody Memorial Organ

The Peabody Memorial Organ

Made by Ernest M. Skinner, 1925

The Peabody Memorial Organ is the third instrument to be installed since the church opened in 1847. The organ was designed by Louis Robert and built by Ernest M. Skinner as his Opus #524, the gift to the church from parishioner and financier George Foster Peabody in memory of his brother. The organ comprises 4,718 pipes, ranging from 2 inches to 32 feet in length, as well as 20 chimes and a 61-note celesta. In 1999, it was recognized by the Organ Historical Society as “An Historic Instrument of Special Merit”—the musical equivalent of Landmark status. It is the largest essentially unchanged E.M. Skinner organ in New York City. Over the years it developed many silent notes. The Chimes and Celesta do not play. Current restoration efforts are aimed at returning all of these elements to playable condition and to restore the instrument to its original splendor.

Choir Organ (Manual I)
16′ gamba 73 pipes
8′ diapason 73 pipes
8′ concert flute 73 pipes
8′ dulciana 73 pipes
8′ unda maris 61 pipes
8′ viola d’amour 73 pipes
4′ flute 73 pipes
2 2/3 nassard 61 pipes
2′ piccolo 5 61 pipes
1 3/5 tierce 61 pipes
8′ english horn 73 pipes
8′ clarinet 73pipes
harp (not working) 61 pipes
celesta (not working) 49 pipes
tremolo
choir sub
choir super
choir melody
unison off
Great Organ (Manual II)
16′ double open diapason 61 pipes
16′ bourdon 61 pipes
8′ 1st open diapason 61 pipes
8′ 2nd open diapason 61 pipes
8′ claribel flute 61 pipes
8′ wald flute 61 pipes
8′ viola dolce 61 pipes
8′ Erzahler 61 pipes
4′ Octave 61 pipes
4′ flute 61 pipes
2′ fifteenth 61 pipes
harmonics II 1 122 pipes
mixture IV 244 pipes
8′ trumpet 61 pipes
chimes 20 notes
great sub
great super
great melody
unison off
Swell Organ (Manual III)
16′ bourdon 73 pipes
8′ diapason 73 pipes
8′ gedeckt 73 pipes
8′ hohl flute 73 pipes
(8′ quintadena2 73 pipes)
8′ salicional 73 pipes
8′ voix celeste 73 pipes
8′ flauto dolce 73 pipes
8′ flute celeste 61 pipes
4′ octave3 73 pipes
4′ flute triangulaire 73 pipes
4′ gemshorn 73 pipes
2′ flautino 61 pipes
cornet V 365 pipes
mixture v (out for work) 365 pipes
16′ posaune4 73 pipes
8′ cornopean4 73 pipes
8′ corno d’amore 73 pipes
4′ clarion4 73 pipes
8′ vox humana 61 pipes
tremolo
swell sub
swell super
swell melody
unison off
Solo Organ (Manual IV)
8′ gross gedackt 73 pipes
8′ gross gamba 73 pipes
8′ gamba celeste 73 pipes
4′ orchestral flute 73 pipes
8′ french horn 73 pipes
8′ tuba mirabilis 73 pipes
tremolo
solo sub
solo super
solo melody
unison off
Echo Organ (Manual V)
8′ chimney flute 73 pipes
8′ muted viole 73 pipes
4′ silverette 73 pipes
8′ vox humana 61 pipes
tremolo
chimes 20 tubes
echo sub
echo super
unison off
Pedal Organ
32′ Bourdon 12 pipes
16′ Diapason 32 pipes
16′ violone 32 pipes
16′ bourdon 32 pipes
16′ echo bourdon (swell) 32 notes
16′ gamba (choir) 32 notes
10 2/3′ quint 32 notes
8′ octave 12 pipes
8′ cello 12 pipes
4′ gedeckt 12 pipes
8′ still gedeckt (swell) 32 notes
4′ stopped flute 12 pipes
32” bombarde 12 pipes
16′ trombone 32 pipes
16′ posaune (swell) 32 notes
8′ tromba 12 pipes
8′ tuba mirabilis (swell) 32 notes
chimes 20 notes

Total
4,791 Pipes
20 Chime tubes
61 Harp/Celesta bars

Controls
The five-manual and pedal console was constructed by Keats in 1970 and rebuilt by Randolph Organ Co. in 2005, and contains the following:

• 20 General pistons, 1-16 duplicated by toe-studs
• Unlimited levels of piston memory
• Sequencer with Forward/Back controls below each manual, duplicated by toe studs
• 8 Divisional Pistons for each manual and pedal
• 4 Coupler pistons
• Full Organ piston/toe stud
• 2 on/off toggles for Pedal 32′ stops
• 4 foot-pedal controls, arranged as follows, left to right: Choir Expression -Swell Expression -Solo/Echo Expression -Crescendo

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