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The Peabody Memorial Organ

The Peabody Memorial Organ

Made by Ernest M. Skinner, 1925

The Peabody Memorial Organ is the third instrument to be installed since the church opened in 1847. The organ was designed by Louis Robert and built by Ernest M. Skinner as his Opus #524, the gift to the church from parishioner and financier George Foster Peabody in memory of his brother. The organ comprises 4,718 pipes, ranging from 2 inches to 32 feet in length, as well as 20 chimes and a 61-note celesta. In 1999, it was recognized by the Organ Historical Society as “An Historic Instrument of Special Merit”—the musical equivalent of Landmark status. It is the largest essentially unchanged E.M. Skinner organ in New York City. Over the years it developed many silent notes. The Chimes and Celesta do not play. Current restoration efforts are aimed at returning all of these elements to playable condition and to restore the instrument to its original splendor.

GREAT ORGAN (II)
16’ Double Open Diapason 61
16’ Bourdon 61
8’ First Open Diapason 61
8’ Second Open Diapason 61
8’ Claribel Flute 61
8’ Wald Flute 61
8’ Viola Dolce 61
8’ Erzahler 61
4’ Octave 61
4’ Flute 61
2’ Fifteenth 61
Harmonics II 122
Mixture IV 244
8” Trumpet 61
CHOIR ORGAN (I)
16’ Gamba 73
8’ Diapason 73
8’ Concert Flute 73
8’ Dulciana 73
8’ Unda maris 61
8’ Viole d’Amour 73
4’ Flute 73
2 2/3’ Nasard 61
2’ Octavin 61
1 3/5’ Tierce 61
8’ English Horn 73
8’ Clarinet 73
Tremolo
Harp (61 bars)
Celesta
Chimes (20 tubes)
PEDAL ORGAN
32’ Bourdon 68
16’ Diapason 44
16’ Violone 44
16’ Bourdon
16’ Echo Bourdon
16’ Gamba
10 2/3’ Quint
8’ Octave
8’ Gedeckt
16’ Still Gedeckt
8’ Stopped Flute
32’ Bombarde (wood) 56
16’ Trombone
16’ Posaune
8’ Tromba
SWELL ORGAN (III)
16’ Bourdon 73
8’ Diapason 73
8’ Gedeckt 73’
8’ Hohl Flute 73
8’ Quintadena 73
8’ Salicional 73
8’ Voix Celeste 73
8’ Flauto Dolce 73
8’ Flute Celeste 61
4’ Octave 73
4’ Flute Triangulaire 73
4’ Gemshorn 73
2’ Flautino 61
Cornet V 305
Mixture V 305
16’ Posaune 73
8’ Cornopean 73
8’ Corno d’amore 73
8’ Vox Humana 73
4’ Clairon 73
Tremolo
SOLO ORGAN (IV)
8’ Gross Gedeckt 73
8’ Gross Gamba 73
8’ Gamba Celeste 73
4’ Orchestral Flute 73
8’ French Horn 73
8’ Tuba Mirabilis (20” w.p.) 73
ECHO ORGAN (V)
8’ Chimney Flute 73
8’ Muted Viole 73
4’ Silverette 73
8’ Vox Humana 61

Total
4,791 Pipes
20 Chime tubes
61 Harp/Celesta bars

Controls
The five-manual and pedal console was constructed by Keats in 1970 and rebuilt by Randolph Organ Co. in 2005, and contains the following:

• 20 General pistons, 1-16 duplicated by toe-studs
• Unlimited levels of piston memory
• Sequencer with Forward/Back controls below each manual, duplicated by toe studs
• 8 Divisional Pistons for each manual and pedal
• 4 Coupler pistons
• Full Organ piston/toe stud
• 2 on/off toggles for Pedal 32′ stops
• 4 foot-pedal controls, arranged as follows, left to right: Choir Expression -Swell Expression -Solo/Echo Expression -Crescendo

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